Geant4 Particle Transportation

Top-Down Transportation Chain:

  1. test the existence of a magnetic field and whether the particle is charged
    if(charged particle && non-zero-BField) G4PropagatorInField::ComputeStep in
    else G4Navigator::ComputeStep in
  2. determine epsilon (local error bound) using DeltaOneStep (distance unit, default = 0.01 mm), epsilonMin and epsilonMax (unit-less),
    and the given physical step size (h)
    epsilon = DeltaOneStep / ProposedStepLength
    if(epsilon < epsilonMin) epsilon = epsilonMin            (for the case that h is relatively a small step)
    if(epsilon > epsilonMax) epsilon = epsilonMax            (for the case that h is relatively a large step)
    see again G4PropagatorInField::ComputeStep
  3. do-while loop inside G4PropagatorInField::ComputeStep
    until sum(h_i) < step where
    h_i (step length taken) = G4ChordFinder::AdvanceChordLimited in
    and find the crossing point if the resultant chord intersects with a geometrical boundary with
    IntersectChord in
    The accuracy of the intersection is controlled by DeltaIntersection (distance unit, default = 1 micron) which is the distance between the segment and
    the ending position of the stepper near the volume boundary by the iterative approach inside the routine.
  4. test for a quick advance or an accurate advance inside G4ChordFinder::AdvanceChordLimited
    do while QuickAdvance if (delta < DeltaChord) where delta is the shortest distance to chord (sagitta) and DeltaChord is the miss-distance (default = 0.25mm or set to the smallest volume dimension)
    then if (step possible x epsilon) > epsilon0) invoke G4MagInt_Driver::AccurateAdvance in
    where epsilon0 is the local truncated error from the stepper
  5. G4MagInt_Driver::AccurateAdvance test for h_i < stepMinimum (do-while loop until sum(h_i) < hstep) where stepMinimum is the minimum step size for G4MagInt_Driver::QuickAdvance
    (otherwise, use G4MagInt_Driver::OneGoodStep) - h_i is calculated by either QuickAdvance or AccurateAdvance.
  6. G4MagInt_Driver::QuickAdvance
    OneGoodStep loops over the Stepper and evaluates the truncation error (for-loop test epsilon0 < epsilon before break) (and then adjust the step size control if necessary)
    G4MagInt_Driver::QuickAdvance call Stepper and DistanceChord
    default Stepper: G4ClassicalRK4::DumbStepper in
  7. G4ClassicalRK4::Stepper calls G4EquationOfMotion::EvaluateRhsReturnB in
  8. G4EquationOfMotion::EvaluateRhsReturnB calls G4MagneticField::GetFieldValue (pure virtual) in

Soon's (scratch) Diagram: