Authenticated clone (allows push):
$ git clone ssh://firstname.lastname@example.org/cvs/projects/lbne-beamsim/g4lbne.git
Anonymous clone (no push):
$ git clone http://cdcvs.fnal.gov/projects/lbne-beamsim/g4lbne.git
Making changes and committing them.¶
In git commits are always local and do not change the git repository in redmine. After modifying existing files or adding new ones you can do the following:
$ emacs src/existing.cc src/newfile.cc $ git add newfile.cc $ git commit -a -m "Modify existing file and add newfile" $ git status # On branch v3 nothing to commit (working directory clean)
Sharing your commits with others¶
To let others access your commits you push them to the Redmine repository
$ git push
Note, if someone has pushed their own commits since you first created or updated your repository you will first need to incorporate their changes. See the next section.
Incorporating commits from others¶
In order to incorporate any commits that others have pushed you pull them
$ git pull
Normally git is very good at merging the work of multiple people. However, if more than one person changes the same line it can be impossible for git to know which change should be kept. This will cause a conflict. If this occurs, git will tell you about it and you will need to edit the file or files and delete the lines that should not be kept. Then you can add the file and commit as if it was a normal edit.
Picking a branch¶
More than one branch may exist. Check on the Mailing List which branch is right for you.
Listing available branches:
$ git branch -a * master remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master remotes/origin/master remotes/origin/muonFlux remotes/origin/v2
The "*" indicates which branch is active. To create a new branch associated with a remote branch do:
$ git checkout -t -b v2 origin/v2 Branch v2 set up to track remote branch v2 from origin. Switched to a new branch 'v2' $ git branch -a master * v2 remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master remotes/origin/master remotes/origin/muonFlux remotes/origin/v2
Visualizing the commits¶
To visualize the commits and branches in your cloned repository rung:
$ gitk --all