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PostgreSQL PITR backup restoration » History » Version 33

Version 32 (Amit Belani, 08/22/2015 11:14 AM) → Version 33/52 (Amit Belani, 08/22/2015 11:15 AM)

h1. PostgreSQL PITR backup restoration

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This article uses the @drivestat@ database cluster hosted on @dmsen03@ as an example.



h2. Restore a base backup



h3. Identify

Identify the most recent base backup for the database cluster.

If the RAID on the host serving the database is available, identify the recent base backups on it.

<pre>
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ enstore config --show drivestat_server PITR_area
/srv3/enstore/pg_pitr
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls -lh $(enstore config --show drivestat_server PITR_area)/pg_base_backup/drivestat | tail -2
-rw-r--r-- 1 enstore enstore 2.4M Aug 20 04:30 2015-08-20_04-30-02.tar.xz
-rw-r--r-- 1 enstore enstore 2.4M Aug 21 04:30 2015-08-21_04-30-03.tar.xz
</pre>

As an alternative, if the RAID on the remote backup host is available, identify the recent base backups on it.

<pre>
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ enstore config --show crons backup_dir
/srv3/enstore/backups
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls -lh $(enstore config --show crons backup_dir)/pg_base_backup/drivestat | tail -2
-rw-r--r-- 1 enstore enstore 2.4M Aug 20 04:30 2015-08-20_04-30-02.tar.xz
-rw-r--r-- 1 enstore enstore 2.4M Aug 21 04:30 2015-08-21_04-30-03.tar.xz
</pre>

As a final alternative, if base backups are available on tape only, identify and copy the most recent base backup from tape to disk.

<pre>
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls -lh /pnfs/eagle/dmsen-backups/$(date +%Y/%m/%d)/*/*pg_base_backup-drivestat*
-rw-r--r-- 1 enstore enstore 2.4M Aug 21 08:02 /pnfs/eagle/dmsen-backups/2015/08/21/07/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_base_backup-drivestat-2015-08-21_04-30-03.tar.xz
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST_REAL=$ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ enstore config --show crons backup2tape_config_host
conf-stken.fnal.gov
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST=$(enstore config --show crons backup2tape_config_host)
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ encp /pnfs/eagle/dmsen-backups/2015/08/21/07/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_base_backup-drivestat-2015-08-21_04-30-03.tar.xz /tmp/
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls -lh /tmp/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_base_backup-drivestat-2015-08-21_04-30-03.tar.xz
-rw-r--r-- 1 enstore enstore 2.4M Aug 22 07:54 /tmp/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_base_backup-drivestat-2015-08-21_04-30-03.tar.xz
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST=$ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST_REAL
</pre>



h3. Extract

Extract the identified base backup into an appropriate empty directory on a node where the database is to be hosted.

<pre>
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ mkdir /tmp/pitr_restore_test1
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ tar -xf /srv3/enstore/pg_pitr/pg_base_backup/drivestat/2015-08-21_04-30-03.tar.xz -C /tmp/pitr_restore_test1/
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls /tmp/pitr_restore_test1/
backup_label global pg_hba.conf.old pg_log pg_serial pg_stat_tmp pg_twophase postgresql.conf
base pg_clog pg_hba.conf.original pg_multixact pg_snapshots pg_subtrans PG_VERSION postgresql.conf.old
conf.d pg_hba.conf pg_ident.conf pg_notify pg_stat pg_tblspc pg_xlog
</pre>

h2. Restore transaction logs

h3. Identify

Identify the location of the transaction log (xlog) archive for the database cluster.

If the RAID on the host serving the database is available, identify the xlog archive on it.

<pre>
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ enstore config --show drivestat_server PITR_area
/srv3/enstore/pg_pitr
[enstore@dmsen03 pitr_restore_test1]$ ls -lh $(enstore config --show drivestat_server PITR_area)/pg_xlog_archive/drivestat | tail -2
-rw------- 1 enstore enstore 5.9K Aug 21 23:00 000000010000000A0000009B.xz
-rw------- 1 enstore enstore 6.9K Aug 21 23:30 000000010000000A0000009C.xz
</pre>

As an alternative, if the RAID on the remote backup host is available, identify the xlog archive on it.

<pre>
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ enstore config --show crons backup_dir
/srv3/enstore/backups
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls -lh $(enstore config --show crons backup_dir)/pg_xlog_archive/drivestat | tail -2
-rw------- 1 enstore enstore 5.9K Aug 21 23:00 000000010000000A0000009B.xz
-rw------- 1 enstore enstore 6.9K Aug 21 23:30 000000010000000A0000009C.xz
</pre>

As a final alternative, if xlogs since the last base backup are available on tape only, copy all xlog-pack files since the last base backup from tape to disk. Since @backup2Tape@ is scheduled to run once a day, there should typically only be up to one such xlog-pack file. Identify and extract it into an empty directory. Note that it's possible that no xlog-pack file had been written to tape yet since the last base backup.

<pre>
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls -lh /pnfs/eagle/dmsen-backups/$(date +%Y/%m/%d)/*/*pg_xlog_pack-drivestat*
-rw-r--r-- 1 enstore enstore 3.6M Aug 21 08:02 /pnfs/eagle/dmsen-backups/2015/08/21/07/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_xlog_pack-drivestat-2015-08-21_08-02-41.tar
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST_REAL=$ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ enstore config --show crons backup2tape_config_host
conf-stken.fnal.gov
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST=$(enstore config --show crons backup2tape_config_host)
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ encp /pnfs/eagle/dmsen-backups/2015/08/21/07/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_xlog_pack-drivestat-2015-08-21_08-02-41.tar /tmp/
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls -lh /tmp/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_xlog_pack-drivestat-2015-08-21_08-02-41.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 enstore enstore 3.6M Aug 22 09:36 /tmp/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_xlog_pack-drivestat-2015-08-21_08-02-41.tar
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST=$ENSTORE_CONFIG_HOST_REAL

[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ mkdir /tmp/pitr_xlogs_test1
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ cd /tmp/pitr_xlogs_test1/
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ tar -xf /tmp/srv3-enstore-backups-pg_xlog_pack-drivestat-2015-08-21_08-02-41.tar -C /tmp/pitr_xlogs_test1/
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ ls -lh /tmp/pitr_xlogs_test1/ | tail -2
-rw------- 1 enstore enstore 6.2K Aug 21 07:30 000000010000000A0000007C.xz
-rw------- 1 enstore enstore 5.9K Aug 21 08:00 000000010000000A0000007D.xz
</pre>

h3. Restoration

Write a @recovery.conf@ file in the data directory. It will be used by PostgreSQL to restore transaction logs since the base backup. It must be customized with an accessible location of the xlog archive.

<pre>
[enstore@dmsen03 ~]$ echo restore_command = 'unxz <"/srv3/enstore/pg_pitr/pg_xlog_archive/drivestat/%f.xz" >"%p"' > /tmp/pitr_restore_test1/recovery.conf
</pre>

After the recovery is done, @recovery.conf@ will be renamed by PostgreSQL to @recovery.done@. Also after the recovery is done, the latest pg_log file for the database cluster is likely to contain @sh@ messages such as @"00000002.history.xz: No such file or directory"@ and @"00000001.history.xz: No such file or directory"@. These @sh@ errors can be ignored.

h2. Update cluster configuration