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Printing on woof, cluck and oink

With the advent of Managed Printing, how one prints on Linux machines here at the lab has changed somewhat. You may still use flpr, but your printing options will be restricted severely. One is advised to learn the use of lp, lpstat and lpoptions, perhaps aliasing some of your most common commands, in order to have the most control over your printing.

Default printing options on cluck.

On woof, cluck and oink, the default printer is the new (June 2015) HP603 black and white duplex printer. Pertinent options and features are:

PageSize/Media Size: *Letter
Collate/Collate: *False
Duplex/Two-Sided: *DuplexNoTumble
HPOption_Duplexer/Duplex Unit: *True
HPOption_EnvFeeder/Envelope Feeder: True *False
HPOption_Tray3/Tray 3: *HP500SheetInputTray
HPPaperSource/Paper Source: *AutomaticallySelect
MediaType/Media Type: *Unspecified Plain
HPPrintQuality/Print Quality: *FastRes1200
HPEconoMode/EconoMode: *False

Finding which queues are configured.

lpstat -v

Finding which queue is default.

lpstat -d

Setting printer options.

The lpoptions command sets your local printing defaults. Useful examples:
  • Set your default printer:
    lpoptions -d <printer>
  • See the options for the default printer (brief):
    lpoptions
  • See the options for the default printer (long form, with alternatives):
    lpoptions -l
  • See the options for a specific printer:
    lptions -p <printer> [-l]
  • Revert to system defaults for specified printer:
    lpoptions -x <printer>

Options are, in general, printer-specific, so be sure to check what is available for your printer (lptions -p <printer> -l) first.

Note that any option may be specified for a particular print operation on the lp command line.

Printing with lp.

lp [-d <printer>] [-P <pagelist>] [-o <var>=<val>]+ <file>+

Most common file formats (text, PDF, postscript) should be understood and translated, even if the printer does not understand the format natively.

Printing with flpr.

flpr can talk directly to the print server and use any defined printer, but can only print files that the printer knows how to print (text files and possibly .ps files). Using lp instead is the recommended option for any but the most simple printing needs.